The Arabian camel range is in Africa, notably the Sahara Desert, and the Middle East. There is a feral population in Australia.
Deserts characterized by long dry seasons and short rainy season.
- Arabian camels have a head-body length of about ten feet (3 meters).
- They weigh 1,000-1,450 pounds (450-650 kg). Males are larger than females.
- They have short fur ranging in color from beige to dark brown, with slightly lighter undersides.
- They have a single hump on the back.
- They have a small head with short, pointed ears and thick eyelashes.
- Their long, slender legs have calluses on the “knees” where they touch the ground when the camel is lying down.
What Does It Eat?
In the wild: The camel is an herbivore eating thorny plants, dry grasses and salty vegetation.
At the zoo: Hay and grain plus vitamin and mineral supplements
What Eats It?
There are no known predators of the Arabian camel.
Arabian camels form groups of two to 20 individuals consisting of one dominant male, several adult females plus sub-adults and young. The dominant male of the family will protect the females from stray males, and also directs the family from the rear when moving with the females who take turns leading.
Female camels are sexually mature at three to four years and males at five to six years. Mating occurs during the rutting season which is during the wet months at the beginning of the year. After a gestation of about 15 months, females give birth to a single calf weighing about 80 pounds (37 kg). The calf’s eyes are open at birth and its body is covered with a thick woolly coat. Calves can run when they are only a few hours old. The calf nurses for up to 18 months. Life span is about 40 years in the wild and up to 50 years in captivity.