Blue poison arrow frogs are found only in the Sipaliwini savannah in the South American country of Suriname.
These frogs are found in warm humid rainforest areas surrounded by dry savannah and always near small streams among moss covered rocks.
- The blue poison arrow frog is 1.2 to 1.8 inches (3-4.5 cm) long; females are larger than males.
- These frogs weigh about one-tenth of an ounce (3 grams).
- These frogs have azure blue on their legs, sky blue on the back and darker blue on the belly with an irregular pattern of dark blue and black spots covering their back and head.
What Does It Eat?
In the wild: Ants, beetles, flies, mites, spiders, termites, maggots, caterpillars.
At the zoo: Crickets and fruit flies.
What Eats It?
Adults are eaten by snakes and large spiders; tadpoles are preyed on by snakes and dragonfly larvae.
Blue poison arrow frogs are solitary except during breeding or territorial fights.
Like all frogs, blue poison arrow frogs undergo a metamorphosis starting out as eggs that hatch into tadpoles and live in the water breathing oxygen through gills. The tadpoles slowly change into adult frogs growing legs, absorbing the tail, losing the gills and developing lungs enabling them to breathe oxygen in the air. Breeding usually occurs during the rainy season. Males establish a territory and announce their position with quiet calls in order to attract a female. Several females may fight over the male. The victorious female begins the courtship ritual by nudging the male on the side and stroking his back with her front legs. The mated pair then moves to a secluded spawning chamber near a water source to mate and lay eggs. The male looks after the eggs keeping them moist until they hatch in 14-18 days. Once the tadpoles hatch, the male carries them on his back and deposits them in small pools of water in a tiny tree hole or inside a bromeliad. The female may help care for the eggs and transport tadpoles. Once the tadpoles have been placed in water, the male’s care ends but the female will visit the tadpoles frequently to place unfertilized eggs in the water to provide food for the tadpoles. The tadpoles metamorphose into adult frogs in 10-12 weeks. Lifespan in the wild is four to six years and in captivity they live an average of 10 years.