This wild horse once roamed throughout Europe and Asia. Today they are only found on reserves in
Mongolia and China and in zoos around the world.
They originally roamed the steppe regions of Eurasia, but the last wild herds retreated to the deserts.
- They weigh 550-850 pounds (247-383 kg).
- Przewalski’s horses stand 12-14 hands or 48-58 inches (120-146 cm) tall at the shoulder.
- They have tan to reddish brown fur with white on the belly, dark brown on the lower legs and a white muzzle.
- They have a stiff, dark brown mane.
- Przewalski’s horses have a stocky build with short legs.
What Does It Eat?
In the wild: Grasses, leaves and bark.
At the zoo: Hay, grain, vitamin and mineral supplements.
What Eats It?
Wolves and humans prey on Przewalski’s horse.
The Przewalski’s horse is a very social animal forming herds consisting of one stallion and four to 10 mares with their offspring. The stallion is responsible for the herd’s protection and coordinates daily movements of the group as they wander to graze, drink or rest. Herds don’t mix but will share territory because the stallions are more protective of their mares than their territory. Yearling males join bachelor groups led by an older stallion until they are mature enough to attract their own females.
Przewalski’s horses are sexually mature at about two years of age but males are usually at least three years old before they are strong enough to collect a harem of females. Mating occurs in April or May and a single foal is born nearly a year later. Foals are usually born at night and by morning are able to travel with the herd. Foals begin grazing within a few weeks but continue to nurse for eight to 13 months. Females may remain with the herd but males are driven away after a year. Lifespan for the Przewalski’s horse is 20-25 years.