Scrub brush, tall grass, dry reed beds and marshlands close to a water source. Not found on open dry savannas, tropical rainforests, or the western tip of South Africa.
- Servals are 41-61 inches (104-155 cm) long including the tail.
- Males weigh 22-40 pounds (10-18 kg), and females weigh 19-27 pounds (8.5-12 kg).
- They stand about 22 inches (56 cm) at the shoulder.
- They have tawny gold fur marked with solid black spots that merge to form stripes extending from the neck down the sides of the body. The spots merge to form rings on the tail, which has a black tip.
- Servals have long necks, long legs, small heads and the largest ears of any cat species.
What Does It Eat?
In the wild: Small rodents, hares, ground birds, reptiles, fish, frogs, and insects
At the zoo: Nebraska brand feline diet and chicks
What Eats It?
Leopards, wild dogs, hyenas, and humans prey on the serval.
Servals are solitary cats except for mating pairs or females with kittens. They are crepuscular (active at dawn and dusk) and nocturnal. Their primary forms of communication are through urine spraying and by rubbing saliva on objects.
Servals are sexually mature between 18-24 months of age. Mating is non-seasonal. The female builds a den in tall, thick grass or shrubbery and gives birth to a litter of one to five kittens after a gestation of about 73- 75 days. The kittens open their eyes at nine to 12 days and begin to take solid food around three weeks of age. They are independent between six and eight months and are forced out of the mother’s territory by the time they reach sexual maturity. Servals can live 15 years in the wild and 20 years in captivity.