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The frilled lizard is found in northern Australia, southern New Guinea.
This species of lizard lives in warm temperate dry forests and semi-arid grassy woodlands.
What Does It Eat?
In the wild: Insects, spiders, termites and small lizards.
At the zoo: Insectivore diet.
What Eats It?
Feral cats prey on frilled lizards.
Frilled lizards are solitary except during breeding.
Males are territorial and appear to use their impressive frill to attract females. Mating occurs during the wet season from October to March. The female lays eight to 23 eggs per clutch and may produce two clutches during one breeding season. The eggs hatch in about 70 days. The hatchlings are tiny and weigh only onetenth to two-tenths of an ounce (3-5 g). There is no parental care for the hatchlings – they immediately must fend for themselves. Lifespan in the wild is unknown.
Larger Than Life
The name of this spectacular lizard comes from the large leathery ruff or frill of skin around the neck. When the lizard is alarmed or faced with a potential threat, it opens its mouth widely thus erecting the frill in a flash of startling orange color. When the frill is fully extended it can reach 12 inches (30.5 cm) across which makes the lizard appear much larger and more threatening to any potential predator. The resulting surprise usually allows the frilled lizard to make a quick escape. But if necessary, the lizard may hiss, jump toward the potential threat and repeatedly lash its tail on the ground to add to the threat. The frilled lizard prefers to run away rather than fight but is capable of inflicting painful bites, with its large canine teeth, on any predator.
Hind Leg Locomotion
This species is well known for its bipedal locomotion when running. When disturbed, the lizard rears up on its hind legs and dashes for the safety of the nearest tree.
Up In The Trees
The frilled lizard spends most of its time on the trunks and limbs of trees hunting insects. It will descend to the ground to catch other insects or search for other food.
IUCN Status – Not evaluated.