Related to the Arabian camel, Camelus dromedarius. The wild species of Bactrian camel is named Camelus ferus, while the domesticated form is considered the Camelus bactrianus.
Habitat & Range
Asian deserts or grassy steppes where the climate can range from very hot to very cold. Wild camels live in the Gobi desert.
The Bactrian camel occupies habitats in Central Asia from Afghanistan to China, primarily up into the Mongolian steppes and the Gobi desert.
Bactrian camels have long eyelashes in double rows and a third eyelid which acts like a windshield wiper to wash sand or dirt out of their eyes. Their nostrils can close to provide protection from blowing sand. Their broad, flat feet have leathery pads and two toes on each foot which helps prevent them from sinking into sand or snow.
IUCN Status: Critically Endangered
Nearly all of the 1.4 million Bactrian camels alive today are domesticated. Wild Bactrian camels are critically endangered with a wild population of fewer than 1,100 remaining in the Gobi desert of Mongolia. Their natural enemies are wolves but the greatest threat to their survival is loss of habitat.
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